San Mauro Pascoli is a district with a great cultural interest and we recommend its visit. Initially it was called San Mauro di Romagna and it changed the name in 1932 in honour of the famous poet Giovanni Pascoli, who was born exactly in San Mauro.
In fact, the most important tourist attractions are bound to the life of the poet: for all people who know and like Pascoli, spending time in the places that accompanied his childhood and that were the background of his poems is an unmatched emotion. Giovanni Pascoli’s native house is now a museum and it conserves his cradle, the furniture of his studio in Bologna, his mother’s objects and some important documents, for example the first editions of his works. Instead, in the city cemetery you can visit the mausoleum of Pascoli’s family. Another noteworthy building is certainly the estate of Torlonia princes, better known as “The Tower”. The complex consists of a house of 1780, a chapel now used as an exclusive restaurant and some farmhouses nearby that are still inhabited; the beautiful inside courtyard is used for cultural events and performances. Other noteworthy places are the ruins of ancient Roman furnaces and the Church of Madonna dell’Acqua, which was very important for Pascoli because it comforted his mother’s pain.
So he wrote to his friends of his native place:
"…and the guest will greet my ideal world that has the Uso and the Rio Salto as borders and the little Church of Madonna dell’Acqua and the dusky cemetery with cypresses as centre in a touched way…"
Giovanni Pascoli is the best Italian Decadent poet
You have to know his life to understand his poetry well, because a serious of negative events, which mostly happened during his childhood in San Mauro, formed his way of thinking and his poetics. Pascoli was born in a wealthy family from San Mauro di Romagna: his father was an administrator of Torlonia estate. When he was only 12, his father was murdered, maybe because of political or working reasons and starting from this fact, there were a series of bereavements in the family, that broke it apart and left an indelible mark on the young poet’s mind. In fact, a year later his mother and his sister Margherita died, then his brother Luigi and his older brother Giacomo also died.
These events characterized Pascoli’s works, so that he tried to search his father’s murderer without any results. His family was so important that when he was arrested for his political, socialist and anarchical commitment after a period of depression, a vision of its dead members led him to restart his studies to continue the name of his family. He joined the Decadentism both for his pessimistic view of life and the identification of the poet not as a person able to indicate the way to follow, but as a child, a mediator with a childish knowledge able to catch the original essence of things in an imaginative and illogical way, unlike the mass.
Pascoli considered the society in a socialist way, but far from the class struggle. It was an utopia of love and fraternity, where poetry had to spread these values.